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ASC Exam Geography Sample Question Paper :

Organisation : Department of Basic Education
Exam : Amended Senior Certificate Examinations
Document Type : ASC Sample Question Paper
Category or Subject : Geography
Year : 2016

Website :
Download Sample Question Paper :
Memo 1 (English) :
Memo 2 (English) :
Paper 1 (English):
Paper 2 (English):
Paper 1 Annexure (English)

Education Geography Sample Question Paper

Marks : 225
Time : 3 hours

Instructions & Information

1. This question paper consists of FOUR questions.
2. Answer ANY THREE questions of 75 marks each.

Related : Department of Basic Education ASC Exam Economics Sample Question Paper :

3. All diagrams are included in the ANNEXURE.
4. Leave a line between subsections of questions answered.
5. Start EACH question at the top of a NEW page.

6. Number the answers correctly according to the numbering system used in this question paper.
7. Number the answers in the centre of the line.
8. Do NOT write in the margins of the ANSWER BOOK.

9. Draw fully labelled diagrams when instructed to do so.
10. Answer in FULL SENTENCES, except where you have to state, name, identify or list.
11. Write neatly and legibly.

Sample Questions

Section A :
Answer at least ONE question in this section. If you answer ONE question in SECTION A, you must answer TWO questions in SECTION B.

1.1 Refer to FIGURE 1.1, an extract from a synoptic weather map. Various options are provided as possible answers to the following questions. Choose the answer and write only the letter (A–D) next to the question number (1.1.1–1.1.7) in the ANSWER BOOK, for example 1.1.8 A.

1.1.1 Pressure cell A is a … low.
A thermal
B continental
C coastal
D cut-off

1.1.2 Area B is experiencing … winds.
A southerly
B easterly
C westerly
D northerly

1.1.3 Area C is generally associated with … clouds.
A cumulus
B cumulonimbus
C stratus
D altostratus

1.1.4 Area D is the centre of a …
A tropical cyclone.
B mid-latitude cyclone.
C coastal low pressure.
D cut-off low pressure.

1.1.5 The air pressure reading of isobar E is … mb/hPa.
A 1 004
B 1 012
C 1 020
D 1 016

1.1.6 Low-pressure system F is part of a family of …
A mid-latitude cyclones.
B tropical cyclones.
C coastal low pressures.
D cut-off low pressures.

1.1.7 High-pressure cell G is known as the … High-Pressure Cell.
A South Indian/Mauritius
B South Pacific
C Kalahari/Continental
D South Atlantic/St Helena

1.3 Refer to FIGURE 1.3 based on the passage of a typhoon.
1.3.1 (a) In which area/region of the world does Typhoon Usagi occur? (1 x 1)
(b) State ONE visible characteristic in the diagram that confirms that Typhoon Usagi is in the mature stage. (1 x 1) (1) (1)

1.3.2 (a) Give a reason for the direction of movement of the typhoon. (1 x 1)
(b) How many typhoons have been experienced before Typhoon Usagi in this region during this season? (1 x 2) (1) (2)

1.3.3 State ONE condition that could have led to Typhoon Usagi developing into a super typhoon? (1 x 2) (2)

1.3.4 A typhoon is influenced by the availability of energy during its life cycle. Write a paragraph of approximately EIGHT lines in which you explain how energy is made available and taken away from the system during the mature and dissipating stages. (4 x 2) (8)

1.4 FIGURE 1.4 shows a temperature inversion in a valley.
1.4.1 Identify the cause of air pollution in this valley. (1 x 1) (1)
1.4.2 Name ONE example of a type of pollutant that is emitted at point B. (1 x 1) (1)
1.4.3 Give a suitable term to describe area A. (1 x 1) (1)

1.4.4 Describe the relationship between altitude and temperature as shown on the graph. (1 x 2) (2)
1.4.5 The amount of smoke on the valley floor could increase at night. Suggest TWO possible reasons for this increase. (2 x 2) (4)
1.4.6 Analyse the following statement: ‘Temperature influences the location of settlements in a valley.’ (3 x 2) (6)

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